Naoum Aronson

1872 1943
(Russie) 1872 /   (Etats Unis) 1943

Naoum Aronson was born into a family of small shopkeepers.

He started to study art at the Academy in Vilnius. In 1891, he arrived in Paris where he took classes at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs (school of decorative arts) and at the Colarossi Academy. He studied under Hector Lemaire and Auguste Rodin, who had a great influence on his style.

Aronson’s debuts were difficult, he lived a poor life. In 1897, he exhibited his work for the first time at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.

Aronson often returned to the Soviet Union between 1901 and 1935, especially after the October Revolution in 1917. He did his national service in Russia and was a sympathizer to the communist regime. His work was exhibited in Moscow (1902) and in Saint Petersburg (1907). He produced several busts, including those of Chopin, Berlioz, Lenin, Pasteur, Tolstoy and Beethoven. He exhibited his work in Paris, Liège and Berlin.

In 1926, a retrospective on his work took place at the Galerie Decour in Paris. In 1937, he participated to the World Exhibition in Paris and was commissioned by the Soviet pavilion.

In 1940, due to the anti-Jewish persecutions in France, he left for Portugal and then for the United States. He died in New York in 1943.