Oscar Mietschaninoff

1886 1956
(Belarus) 1886 /   (Etats Unis) 1956

Oscar MIESTCHANINOFF

 

Vitbesk (Belarus) 1886 - Los Angeles 1956

Oscar Mietschaninoff was the son of a shopkeeper. From the age of seventeen, he produced clay sculptures of the beggars in his neighborhood. He briefly studied at the local art school. In 1905-1906, he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Odessa.

He arrived in Paris in 1906. He studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Mercié and Joseph Bernard, whose bust he later sculpted.

Oscar Mietschaninoff lived at the Cité Falguière. He visited the museums in Paris, such as the Louvre and the Musée Guimet, which influenced his style. He took an interest in arts from the Far East. Mietschaninoff made friends with other artists in Montparnasse, such as Diego Rivera, Modigliani, and Soutine, who painted his portrait.

From 1918, the French government sent him on an official mission to the Far East to conduct archeological excavations. He discovered India, Siam, and Burma and traveled to Cambodia in order to study Khmer sculpture. He brought back some pieces, which are today exhibited at the Musée Guimet.

Mietschaninoff exhibited his work at the Salon des Artistes Français from 1908, at the Salon d’Automne from 1912 and at the Salon des Indépendants. He was awarded a gold medal for his statue Nude Woman exhibited at the World Fair in 1937.

In 1925, he commissioned the architect Le Corbusier to build him a house in Boulogne-Billancourt on a plot bought in common with Jacques Lipchtiz.

 

In 1914, he moved to the United States. He lived in New York and in Los Angeles.