Simon Glatzer

1890 1945
(Russie) 1890 /   (France) 1945

Simon Glatzer studied painting at the Vilnius Academy of Arts and left for Paris in 1914. He studied at the Cormon studio in Paris and at the Grande Chaumière Academy. During World War I, he fought with the troops of foreign fighters alongside the French army. From 1920, and throughout the interwar period, he acquired French nationality and exhibited with success at Parisian salons.

In 1941, he was wanted by the Gestapo and sought refuge with a psychiatrist friend at Sainte-Anne hospital. In order to save him, his friend had him committed under a fake name. Thus, he spent close to three years in a hospital with mentally ill patients. During that time, he kept painting with makeshift equipment provided by his doctor friend. He was given paper, colored pencils and pastels. Two months before the Liberation, he escaped to Aix-en-Provence.

Simon Glatzer’s painting was marked by his committal period. He inserted Hebrew letters in his composition and took an interest in engraving and miniature.