Rudolf Lévy

1875 1944
 (Pomerania) (Allemagne) 1875 /   (Pologne) 1944

Lévy studied at the Danskt and Karlsruhe colleges in Germany before entering carpentry school. However, his dream was to paint.

In 1899 he moved to Munich and enrolled in the Fine Arts Academy where he followed courses given by the animalist painter Zugel.

In 1903 he moved to Paris with Walter Bondy and frequented the atelier of Henri Matisse. He returned often to Germany to meet with the galerist Alfred Flechtheim, who organized several exhibitions of the "Dômiers" (an artist group of Dome café regulars, including Lévy) in Berlin and to Düsseldorf.

He welcomed the first several German artists who turned up at the Dome cafe. Lévy was in Germany when the First World War was declared. He was conscripted into the army. At the end of the war he returned to Paris and became director of the Matisse Academy. Lévy’s desire for new horizons took him on numerous study trips to North Africa and America where he met Pascin, Max Ernst and Oskar Kokoschka. He returned to Germany to find the Nazis in power and took refuge in Majorca and in Spain, later travelling to the United States for a six months period.

In 1937, he went to the Naples region of Italy, where he met up with other German artists. In 1939 Lévy was in Florence and began plans to leave for America. On 12 December 1943 he was arrested by S.S soldiers, imprisoned in Florence and then transferred to Milan.

On 5 April 1944 he was deported on convoy n°9 and assassinated in Auschwitz on 10 April 1944. His writing and paintings