Mané-Katz (Emmanuel Katz aka)

1894 1962
(Ukraine) 1894 /   (Israel) 1962

Mané-Katz spent his childhood in a religious atmosphere, which left a deep mark on him and tirelessly influenced his work. His father was a schamasch (watchman of the synagogue).

Following his studies at the School of Fine Arts in Kiev and in Vilnius, he arrived in Paris in 1913 and had only twenty-five rubles on him. He studied painting in the studio of Cormon at the Beaux-Arts, together with Soutine, Kémègne and Kikoïne. In 1914, he was not able to enlist in the Foreign Legion due to his short stature. That same year, he had to go back to Russia, which was then at war.

In 1917, after a trip to London, Mané-Katz was appointed professor at the School of Fine Arts in Kharjov. In 1921, he went to Baku, Tiflis in Georgia, Moscow, Minsk and Warsaw before returning to Paris. He acquired French nationality in 1927.

Mané-Katz travelled to numerous countries throughout his life. Between 1928 and 1937, he successively visited Palestine, Egypt, Syria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and Lithuania. He returned to Palestine in 1935 and 1937. In 1939, he was a sentry at the École Militaire (military school) in Paris. He was arrested by German soldiers in Royan, but managed to escape via Marseilles to the United States. He remained in New York for the rest of the war.

Following the war, Mané-Katz settled in Paris and continued to travel during the last ten years of his life. He visited Israel (1948), South Africa (1950), Japan and India (1957) before going to New York and Paris in 1960. His works are kept at the Mané-Katz Museum in Haifa, Israel.