Léopold Gottlieb

1883 1934
 (Галичина) (Ukraine) 1883 /   (France) 1934

Leopold Gottlieb’s parents were storekeepers and encouraged their son to become an artist. They hoped that he would follow in the footsteps of his elder brother, Mauricy Gottlieb, who was a painter and prematurely died at the age of twenty-three.

Between 1896 and 1902, Leopold Gottlieb studied painting at the School of Fine Arts in Krakow with Jacek Malczewski. At the end of his course, he was awarded the painting first prize as well as a scholarship to go abroad. In 1903, Gottlieb went to Munich and continued his studies at A.Azbe. At the same time, he painted portraits in order to earn his living. In 1905, on the initiative of the Group of Five, which only existed for a year, he exhibited in Poland and abroad with his friends, notably Witold Wojtkiewicz. He visited Paris for the first time in 1899.

In 1906, he studied painting for a year at the Bezalel School of Fine Arts in Jerusalem.  Back in Paris, he married a young doctor. She was erudite, had a passion for Jewish culture and participated in the artistic life in Montparnasse. Gottlieb became friend with Pascin, Diego Rivera, André Salmon, Mela Muter and Elie Nadelman. He was renowned for his portraits, had his friends pose for him and was commissioned to produce works, notably by  Dr. Gustave Bohn and Henri Bergson. He often visited Poland where he took part in the formists’ group and in the Rythm movement.

In 1914, following a disagreement with painter Moïse Kisling, Leopold Gottlieb fought a duel at the Parc des Princes. For an hour, the two opponents inflicted intense sword blows on each other. With the back of his sword, Gottlieb slightly split Kisling’s nose open. The news spread through Montparnasse, and even the press talked about it.

From 1913, Gottlieb took part in the debates in favor of Poland’s independence at the Association of Polish Artists in Paris, which was created by sculptor Stanislaw Ostrowski in 1910. The meetings took place in Montparnasse, on 32 Rue Denfert-Rochereau. Henri Hayden, Eugène Zak and Mela Muter were among the members of this association. Gottlieb also participated in the exercises of a paramilitary organization called Le Tireur. Only a small group of people knew the existence of this organization. He was openly linked to Polish patriotism and joined the ranks of Marshal Pilsudski. During World War I, he was in Poland and painted scenes of soldiers’ everyday lives. These thumbnail paintings were revised after the war in a collection of lithographs published the year of his death. In 1919, Gottlieb taught classes at the Academy of Arts in Zakopane in the Tatra Mountains (western Carpathian Mountains, on the border of Poland and Czechoslovakia). He returned to Paris in the 1920’s. He died of a liver disease when he was fifty-four years old. His wife was deported in April 1943.