Faïbich-Schraga Zarfin

1900 1975
(Belarus) 1900 /   (France) 1975

Zarfin was born into a family of intellectuals and grew up in Smilovichi, near Minsk. In 1913, he enrolled in the School of Fine Arts in Vilnius and wrote poems. In 1914, influenced by the Zionist wave, he left his country and family, whom he never saw again, and immigrated to Palestine. There, he was a pioneer and dried out swamps, farmed the land and studied at the Bezalel School of Fine Arts.

In 1918, Zarfin fought for the liberation of Palestine alongside the British army. At that time, he drew a lot. He was discharged from service on 17 December 1920 and participated in an exhibition organized by the governor of Jerusalem.

In 1923, Zarfin left for Berlin and exhibited his work at the Sécession. He earned his living thanks to his illustrations. In 1924, he settled in Paris for good and met Soutine, who also came from Smilovichi. He visited museums and destroyed his earlier work. In 1925, he worked as a shoe maker and painted on fabric. He got married in 1929 and continued his fabric painting. In 1931, he acquired the French nationality. His daughter Liliane was born in 1933.

In 1939, Zarfin was mobilized to join the army. In 1940, he met his wife and daughter who had taken refuge in Brive-la-Gaillarde. An album of sketches produced while he was serving in the army was acquired by the State. In 1941, the family took refuge in the Zone libre (free zone), in Lyon and in Grenoble, where his room became a meeting point for the Résistance. His daughter was placed in a convent, away from the Nazis’ persecutions. Zarfin continued to paint and took refuge in the mountains.

After the Liberation, the Zarfin family went back to Grenoble where a solo exhibition was dedicated to his work. The paintings that he had left in his studio in Paris were plundered. In 1947, he settled in Rosny-sous-Bois, where he died in 1975.