Alice Halicka

1884 1975
(Pologne) 1884 /   (France) 1975

Coming from a family of doctors, Alice Halicka studies painting with Josef Pankiewicz at the Academy of Fine Arts of Krakow. After a short stay in Munich, she arrives in Paris in 1912, takes the classes of Paul Sérusier and Maurice Denis at the Ransons Academy and meets Louis Marcoussis whom she’ll marry in 1913.

The latter introduces her into the group of the Cubists that Alice Halicka will join. She will be a member of the movement until 1921.

In 1914, Guillaume Apollinaire notices her still lives of cubic influence at the Show of the Independents (“Le Salon des Indépendants”). Thanks to Raoul Dufy, in 1919, she works for a silk maker from Lyon, Mister Biancchini.

In 1921, following a trip to Poland, she definitively gives up Cubism. Taking up again with the Polish post-impressionist school, she paints the daily life in Kazimierz, the Jewish neighbourhood of Krakow.

In 1925, Alice Halicka illustrates several books among which Childlike by Valéry Larbaud and the Children of the ghetto by Zangwill. Since her show at the Georges Petit gallery in 1931, Barnes and Gertrude Stein have collected her works. Between 1935 and 1937, Alice Halicka will take three trips to New York during which she will make the advertisement for Helena Rubinstein (1935) and the set and the costumes for the Stravinsky ballet, The kiss of the fairy, performed in the Metropolitan opera House (1937), on a choreography of Balanchine.

In 1938, she hides in the Allier (French region) with Louis Marcoussis. The latter dies in 1941 in Cusset near Vichy. She heads back to the capital in 1945, publishes an autobiographical novel, Yesterday, and writes a column for the Nouvelles Littéraires entitled “In the shale of the Bateau Lavoir”. The last twenty years of her life are punctuated with several trips to India (1952), to Poland (1956) and to Russia (1960). She shows in France and abroad and joins the surrealism movement.

Alice Halicka dies in Paris in 1975 and will be buried in Vichy.



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